### What is the difference between speed and velocity?

#### Definition of speed and velocity

Speed is the rate at which an object covers distance, and it is a scalar quantity. The average speed is the distance per time ratio. For example, if a car travels 100 km in two hours, then the average speed is 50 km/h. Velocity, on the other hand, is the rate at which an object changes its position, and it is a vector quantity. Velocity includes both the speed and the direction of motion. Therefore, if a car travels 100 km/h to the north, then its velocity is 100 km/h north.

#### Difference between speed and velocity

The main difference between speed and velocity is that velocity includes the direction of motion, while speed does not. For example, if a ball rolls down a hill and bounces off a wall and lands back on the ground, it has covered a certain distance at a certain speed. However, to fully describe the motion of the ball, we need to include its velocity, which would also indicate the direction of motion.

Another difference between speed and velocity is that speed is always positive or zero, while velocity can be positive, negative, or zero depending on the direction of motion. For example, if a car travels 100 km/h to the north, then its velocity is 100 km/h north. However, if the car turns around and travels 100 km/h to the south, then its velocity is -100 km/h south.

#### Examples of speed and velocity

Suppose a person walks 10 meters forward and then turns around and walks 10 meters back to the original starting point. The distance covered by the person is 20 meters. The time taken to complete the walk is not given. Therefore, it is impossible to calculate the speed of the person. However, we can say that the person’s velocity is zero because the person has moved from the starting point and then returned back to it, thus ending up at the same position.

Suppose a car drives 100 km/h due east. The car’s velocity is 100 km/h due east. If the car turns around and returns to its starting point at the same speed, then the car’s velocity is zero because the car ends up at the same position it started.

### Similar questions and answers for « What is the difference between speed and velocity? »

#### 1. What is the difference between instantaneous speed and average speed?

Instantaneous speed is the speed at a specific moment in time, while average speed is the total distance covered divided by the total time taken. For example, if a car travels 100 km in two hours, then the average speed is 50 km/h. However, the instantaneous speed of the car could vary at different times during those two hours, depending on factors such as traffic and road conditions.

#### 2. How are speed and velocity related?

Speed is a component of velocity, as velocity includes both speed and direction of motion. Therefore, if an object has a velocity of 50 km/h to the north, then its speed is also 50 km/h.

#### 3. Can an object have a speed of zero but a non-zero velocity?

No, if an object has a speed of zero, then its velocity must also be zero, as the direction of motion would be undefined.

#### 4. Can an object have a zero velocity but a non-zero speed?

No, if an object has zero velocity, then its speed must also be zero, as there is no motion to be measured.

#### 5. What is the difference between uniform motion and non-uniform motion?

Uniform motion is when an object moves with a constant speed in a straight line. Non-uniform motion is when an object’s speed changes over time or when it moves in a circular or non-linear path.

#### 6. How does acceleration relate to speed and velocity?

Acceleration is the rate at which an object’s velocity changes, and it is a vector quantity. If an object’s velocity increases, then its speed also increases. Alternatively, if an object’s velocity decreases, then its speed also decreases.

#### 7. Can an object have a negative velocity?

Yes, an object can have negative velocity if it moves in the opposite direction to a chosen reference point. For example, if a car moves at 50 km/h to the west, and the chosen reference point is towards the east, then the car’s velocity would be -50 km/h.

#### 8. Can two objects have the same speed but different velocities?

Yes, two objects can have the same speed but different velocities if they are moving in different directions. For example, two cars may both be traveling at 50 km/h, but one may be going north while the other is going east.