What is the difference between compound sentence and complex sentence?

What is the difference between compound sentence and complex sentence?



What is the difference between compound sentence and complex sentence?

How?

The compound sentence is made up of two or more independent clauses which can be linked by a coordinating conjunction or a comma. For example: “It's raining, but I'm leaving anyway. »

The complex sentence, for its part, is composed of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses which depend on the main clause. Subordinate clauses can be introduced by subordinating conjunctions like “that”, “who”, “where”, etc. For example: “I go to the cinema because I like films. »

Why?

The difference between the compound sentence and the complex sentence lies in the dependence of the propositions. In the compound sentence, the clauses are independent of each other and can exist alone. In complex sentences, subordinate clauses depend on the main clause and cannot be isolated.

When?

The compound sentence and the complex sentence can be used in different situations depending on the communicative intention. For example, a compound sentence can be used to express two contrasting ideas or to convey multiple pieces of information in a single sentence. A complex sentence can be used to express a cause, consequence, condition, etc.

Where ?

The difference between the compound sentence and the complex sentence is not specifically about location, but rather about grammatical structure. They can be used in any type of context where it is necessary to express complex ideas.

Who?

In a compound or complex sentence, there can be different types of subjects that do the action. For example, in the sentence “John studies and Mary dances,” John and Mary are the subjects. Subordinate clauses can include relative pronouns like “who,” which designate the subject of the clause.

To answer the question “Who does what, why, how”, one would need to analyze specific examples of compound or complex sentences and break them down to identify subjects, actions and reasons.

Similar questions and answers:



What is the difference between simple sentence and compound sentence?

The difference between the simple sentence and the compound sentence lies in the number of clauses they contain. A simple sentence contains a single independent clause, while a compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses.



When to use a compound sentence rather than a complex sentence?

The decision to use a compound sentence or a complex sentence depends on the context and the communicative intention. A compound sentence is used to express contrasting ideas or multiple pieces of information in a single sentence, while a complex sentence is used to express relationships of cause, consequence, condition, etc.



What coordinating conjunctions are used in compound sentences?

Coordinating conjunctions used in compound sentences are “and”, “but”, “or”, “so”, “or”, “nor”. They serve to link independent propositions together.



What are the types of subordinate clauses in complex sentences?

There are different types of subordinate clauses in complex sentences, such as conjunctive subordinate clauses (expressing a condition, a cause, a consequence), relative subordinate clauses (introduced by relative pronouns) and indirect interrogative subordinate clauses (expressing a indirect question).



What are the most common subordinating conjunctions?

The most common subordinating conjunctions are “that”, “if”, “when”, “why”, “how”, “because”, “while”, “while”, “since that”, etc. They are used to introduce subordinate clauses in complex sentences.



What is the relationship between the complex sentence and the subordinate sentence?

The complex sentence is composed of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. Subordinate clauses depend on the main clause and are often introduced by subordinating conjunctions. So, the complex sentence contains subordinate sentences.



What are the advantages of using compound sentences and complex sentences?

Compound sentences and complex sentences allow you to express more complex and nuanced ideas. They offer opportunities to play with grammatical structure and express relationships of cause, consequence, condition, etc. This helps enrich communication and provide more precision in the expression of ideas.



What linguistic tools are used to connect clauses in a compound sentence?

The linguistic tools used to connect clauses in a compound sentence are coordinating conjunctions, such as “and”, “but”, “or”, “therefore”, “or”, “nor”. These conjunctions create a logical relationship between independent propositions.



What are the differences between the complex sentence and the coordinated sentence?

The difference between the complex sentence and the coordinated sentence lies in the grammatical structure. In the complex sentence, the clauses are linked hierarchically, with a main clause and subordinate clauses. In the coordinate sentence, the clauses are connected equally, without hierarchy.

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